FACT REFERENCES

All of the facts given in the videos are based on scientific studies. References for these are given below.

 

Do you hear me?:

Video:

"Emissions from fossil fuels are the dominant cause of climate change." [1]

"89% of global CO2 emissions coming from fossil fuels and industry” [1]

“Greenhouse gas emissions have risen by 70% since pre-industrial times” [2]

“These levels continue to rise every year” [3] [4]

Website text:

"Worse still, governments subsidise these activities, (to the tune of $20bn/year in the USA and $55bn/year in the EU), perpetuating the release of harmful emissions by these businesses." [5]

Our House is on Fire:

Video:

“Every year an area of forest equivalent to the size of the UK is destroyed” [6] [7]

“If we continue destroying forests at the current rate then in 100 years there will be none left” [8] [9]

“Up to 28,000 species could become extinct in the next 25 years if we continue destroying their habitats" [9] [10]

"Our reliance on burning fossil fuels is the biggest contributor to the climate crisis" [11] [12]

“There is now more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere than at any time during human history” [13] [14]

“The last time carbon dioxide levels were this high was more than a million years ago, when sea levels were several metres higher and trees grew at the south pole” [14]

"If we do not act now the damage to our planet will be irreversible and could lead to the end of life on earth" [15]

Website text:

"Writing this in October 2020, California is ablaze, with a record 3.9 million acres of land burned this year" [16]

"Well over 2 million acres of this tropical rainforest [Amazon Rainforest] were destroyed in 2019" [17]

Ignorant Complicity:

Video:

"The easiest way to reduce your carbon footprint is to stop eating meat" [18]

""Livestock farming accounts for about 15% of all greenhouse gas emissions, which is greater than all modes of transport combined" [19] [20]

"Reducing your meat intake by half would reduce your personal carbon footprint by 40%" [21] [22]

""Every six seconds an acre of forest is cut down for cattle farming" [23] [24] [25]

"It takes over 10 times more fossil fuel to create one calorie of food from an animal than it does from a plant" [26] [27]

"In the US 70% of grain produced is fed to animals" [28] [29]

"The number of calories eaten by cattle is greater than that needed to feed every human in the world" [30]

Website text:

"1.1 billion land animals are killed for food every year in the UK alone...Add to this nearly 900 million fish and 4.3 billion shellfish, and the total comes to over 6.4 billion animals killed for food every year in the UK."[31]

"Cows produce large volumes of methane – a greenhouse gas that is 25 times as potent as carbon dioxide." [32]

"Over 70% of the world's soy is fed to livestock, with only around 6% turned into food for direct consumption by humans" [33]

Change is Coming:

Website text:

"One of the most effective ways that individuals can contribute is by donating to impactful environmental charities"[34]

[1] Client Earth - Fossil Fuels and Climate Change

[2] IPCC Report - Greenhouse gas emission trends

[3] Carbon Brief - Fossil-fuel emissionst

[4] Our World in Data - CO2 and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

[5] Environmental and Energy Study Institute - Fact Sheet: Fossil Fuel Subsidies

[6] Guardian Article by Fiona Harvey

[7] Climate Focus - NYFD 2019 Progress Report

[8] Guardian Article by John Vidal

[9] Conserve Energy Future Fact Sheet

[10] IUCN Report

[11] EPA Report - Global Green House Gas Emissions Data

[12] IPCC. Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change

[13] High-resolution carbon dioxide concentration record 650,000-800,000 years before present, Lüthi et al.

[14] The Pliocene: The Last Time Earth had >400 ppm of Atmospheric CO2​ (Royal Meteorological Society)

[15] Existential Climate-Relate Security Risk (Breakthrough)

[16] Cal Fire - Daily Update, October 2, 2020

[17] Rainforest Foundation Norway - The highest Amazon deforestation rates in over a decade

[18] Livestock – Climate Change’s Forgotten Sector: Global Public Opinion on Meat and Dairy Consumption (Chatham House)

[19] Livestock's long shadow (Food and agricultural organisation of the United Nations)

[20] Livestock and climate change: impact of livestock on climate and mitigation strategies, Grossi et al.

[21] BBC Report

[22] Shifting Diets for a Sustainable Food Future, Ranganathan et al.

[23] PETA - 35 Mind-Shattering Facts

[24] Deforestation: facts, figures and pictures, Rhett A. Butler (Mongabay)

[25] NASA facts - Tropical Deforestation

[26] One Green Planet - Explain Like I’m 5: How Fossil Fuels Are Used to Produce Meat

[27] Sustainability of meat-based and plant-based diets and the environment, Pimentel & Pimentel

[28] Vandana Shiva, Stolen Harvest (South End Press, 2000), pp. 70-71

[29] Richard Robbins, Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism (Allyn and Bacon, 1999), pp. 220

[30] One Green Planet - Can We Solve World Hunger and Feed 9 Billion People Just By Eating Less Meat?​

[31] Animal Clock UK - Animal Slaughter Stats

[32] UNECE - Methane Management

[33] Food Climate Research Network - Soybeans

[34] Effective Altruism - An update to our thinking on climate change